Schuman Declaration is of similar importance to the Declaration of Independence of the United . ", This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 23:21. Robert Schuman Schuman en 1949 …   Wikipedia Español, Robert Schuman —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec le compositeur allemand, Robert Schumann ou l homme politique français, Maurice Schumann Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schuman. All the key elements—a new organisation of Europe, the supranational innovations, the European Community, the High Authority, fusion of vital interests such as coal and steel, and a single European market and economy – were floated in a series of major speeches given by Schuman in the previous, preparatory years. SCHUMAN DECLARATION OF 9 MAY 1950 Paris, Salon de l’Horloge du Quai d’Orsay Full text of the proposal presented by the French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman, leading to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) "It is no longer a question of … William Schuman, American composer, educator, and administrator whose symphonies, ballets, and chamber music are noted for their adaptation of European models to American themes. 'Europe will be born of this, a Europe which is solidly united and constructed around a strong framework,' he said. The Declaration had several distinct aims, which it tackled together: According to Professor Dr. Hans Ritschl, Schuman made a speech arguing that the Schuman Plan was really a continuation of the Monnet Plan, and that it was solely for the sake of supporting French steel exports that they had taken on that task. With the desire not to repeat the destruction seen in the First and Second World Wars, there was a strong momentum towards European co-operation. Winston Churchill, standing next to Robert Schuman, had called for Franco-German reconciliation in a united Europe in a speech in Metz on 14 July 1946. * [http://www.ena.lu/?lang=1&doc=15836 Video of the 9 May 1950 declaration (French)] European NAvigator* [http://www.eurosduvillage.com/archive/2006/05/08/la-declaration-du-9-mai-1950-l-heritage-de-quel-passe.html The 9th may's declaration : which past for an inheritance?, on "EUROS DU VILLAGE"], Déclaration du 9 mai 1950 — La déclaration du 8 mai 1950, aussi appelée déclaration Schuman, est considérée comme le texte fondateur de la construction européenne. 2. The European Parliament is one of the main institutions of the European Union (EU) and is its only directly elected body. The coming together of the nations of Europe requires the elimination of the age-old opposition of France and Germany. Directed by Franck Apprederis. ", Shore, Cris. In May 1950 French foreign minister Robert Schuman proposed the establishment of a common market for coal and steel for those countries willing to delegate control of these sectors of their economies to an independent authority. [2], Anxious to see greater European economic integration in order to be able to form a block against the Soviet Union, the United States used the Marshall Plan to force the adoption of more open markets as a prerequisite to receive aid. develop intra-European trade by reducing tariffs and other barriers to the expansion of trade. Robert Schuman, the French Foreign Minister, was given an urgent assignment by his American and British counterparts: to come up with a proposal for reintegrating Federal … The draft documents of the Declaration have been published by the Jean Monnet Foundation. [6] However, Prof Ritschl cites no sources and the characteristics, objectives and method of the Schuman Plan and the Monnet Plan are quite different as noted above. In a desire not to repeat such destruction, there was a great deal of momentum towards European co-operation. Schuman initiated policies in preparation for this major change of European politics while Prime Minister of France (1947–48) and Foreign Minister from 1948 onwards. The Schuman Declaration (Paris, 9 May 1950) Caption: On 9 May 1950, the declaration made in the salon de l’Horloge at the French Foreign Ministry by the French Foreign Minister, Robert Schuman, marks the decisive starting point for European integration. The resulting ECSC introduced a common, single steel and coal market, with freely set market prices, and without import/export duties or subsidies. achieve conditions for better utilisation of labour. The success of ECSC led to further steps, foreseen by Schuman, being taken with the creation of the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community which merged in the European Communities the 1960s. However, in 1949 the International Authority for the Ruhr was founded. One of the main points of Schuman's Declaration came almost at the end of his statement. " The first recognition of Europe Day was by the Council of Europe, introduced in 1964. It provides the best political forecast of the effect of the Declaration made by Schuman himself (together with his other speeches). Between 1952 and 1955 he was the first president of its executive body. 9 May was established in 1985 as "Europe Day". The core of the proposal, the High Authority, was replaced by the European Commission and further bodies and areas of activities were created leading to the creation of the European Union in 1993. We hope they will be. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français, Schuman-Plan — Quai d’Orsay Der Schuman Plan oder Schuman Erklärung ist ein grundlegender politischer Plan für eine Zusammenlegung der deutschen und französischen Kohle und Stahlproduktion nach dem 2. Schuman Plan, proposal by French foreign minister Robert Schuman on May 9, 1950, for the creation of a single authority to control the production of steel and coal in France and West Germany (now Germany), to be opened for membership to other European countries. The research corpus ‘From the Schuman Plan to the Paris Treaty (1950–1952)’ looks at the origins and repercussions of the address by Robert Schuman on 9 May 1950. The Declaration itself was first drafted by Paul Reuter, Schuman's colleague and the lawyer at the Foreign ministry and edited by Jean Monnet and others including Schuman's chef de Cabinet, Bernard Clappier. And Germany draft documents of the essential ideas and in our common endeavour. relations, France... 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